Day 3 :
- Nutrition and Cardiovascular Health | Current Research in Food & Science | Nutrition, Obesity and Diabetes | Diabetes Nutrition
Location: Olimpica (3+4)
Inventor, OJW Protocol, USA
George Mason Univeristy, USA
Gazi University, Turkey
Title: Assessment of nutritional status and dietary antioxidant capacity of patients with coronary artery dısease: A pilot study
Neslihan Arslan graduated from Yeditepe University. She started pursuing Master's degree at Gazi University. Her Master’s education is still ongoing and also works as a Research Assistant at Gazi University
Diet and nutrition are among the most important factors in coronary artery disease. Many epidemiological studies have reported that antioxidant intake from diet is associated with a lower risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study was designed to assess the nutritional status and dietary antioxidant capacity of patients with CAD. The sample of study with 18 patients with angiographically documented CAD and 18 healthy controls was included into study from Atatürk Education and Research Hospital Ankara, Turkey. The ethical approval was taken from Zekai Tahir Burak Hospital from Turkey. A questionnaire regarding clinical, biochemical, dietary, family history, demographic and socioeconomic status was conducted by the researcher. Nutritional status was assessed by antropometric measurements and calculating Body Mass Index (BMI, kg/m2). The serum glucose, HDL-Cholesterol, LDL-Cholesterol, Total Cholesterol, Triglyceride, AST, ALT, Creatinine, Urea, Sodium and Potassium was obtained from the records of Cardiology Clinic of Atatürk Education Research Hospital. The dietary intake was assessed by using 24-hour dietary recall method by the researcher. Dietary antioxidant capacity was calculated from an article which calculated the antioxidant capacity of 3100 foods. The results represented that mean age was 53.6±7.3 years in patient group, 51.9±8.31 years in control group. The mean body weight was 82.95±16.56 in patient group, 84.5±10.20 in control group. Although not statisticaly important the mean waist circumference, hip circumference, neck circumference and body mass index is higher in patient group than control group. The mean triglyceride was significantly higher in patient group than control group (p<0.01). The mean dietary antioxidant capacity did not differ between patient and control group. It is a negative correlation between coronary artery disease grade and dietary antioxidant capacity in patient group. Inverse association was observed between dietary antioxidant capacity and triglyceride levels in both groups. In conclusion, antioxidant intake is very important to minimize the effects of coronary artery disease. Both coronary artery disease patients and healthy individuals should be given importance to antioxidant intake in order to protect from both disease and their effects
Ondokuz Mayıs University, Turkey
Title: Assessment of serum paraoxanase activity, total oxidant and antioxidant capacity in relation to inflammation in hemodialysis patients
Hazal Kucukkaraca has graduated from Hacettepe University, Faculty of Health Sciences Department of Nutrition and Dietetics in 2014. She has been working as a Research Assistant at Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics since 2015. She is continuing her graduate studies in Nutritional Science
The aim of study was to evaluate the relationship of serum paraoxanase1 (PON1) activity, total oxidant (TOS) and antioxidant (TAS) status with inflammation in hemodialysis patients. 23 patients (diagnosed with hemodialysis) and 27 healthy volunteers were included in study (18-75 years). Rel Assay diagnostics kits were used to determine PON1, arylesterase (ARES), TAS, and TOS in individual serum samples. PON1 and ARES were found to be low in hemodialysis patients. PON1 were determined to be low in 87% of study group and 33% of control group. Individuals who have high PON1 activity were found to have high levels of ARES and HDL (p<0.05). When all subject’s PON1 activity and lipid profile were assessed, PON1 activity had strong positive correlation with HDL, negative correlation with LDL and cholesterol (p<0.05). Negative correlation was observed between CRP and PON1, ARES and TAS, but positive correlation with TOS (p <0.05). CRP levels of hemodialysis patients were 11.7±15.9 mg/L, PON1 values were found to be low in 88% of patients with inflammation. TAS were below normal levels in 91.3% of study group and 70% of control group. However, in all of control group and 86.9% of study group’s TOS were normal. Significant differences were found between PON1, TAS and TOS. Finally, low PON1 activity in hemodialysis patients is associated with reduction in antioxidant capacity of HDL, thereby causing atherosclerosis and inflammation. While decrease in oxidants in hemodialysis patients is though positively, decrease in antioxidants is unwanted. Therefore, TAS and TOS levels are important in terms of immunity and metabolic disorders
Gul Eda Kilinc
Ondokuz Mayıs University, Turkey
Title: Evaluatıon of the effect of sleeve gastrechtomy surgery on clinical results and antropometric measurements in morbıd obese diseases
Gul Eda Kilinc has graduated from Gazi University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics in 2014. She has been working as a Research Assistant at Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics since 2016
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of sleeve gastrectomy on the post-op body analysis and laboratory findings. During January 2016-2017, 101 morbid obesity patients (18-65 years) who underwent sleeve gastrectomy were evaluated in Nutrition and Support Unit. Clinical findings of patients were retrospectively analyzed, pre-op and post-op body analysis and laboratory findings were compared. Among the 101 individuals (82 female and 19 male), average age was 38.0±10.9 years. Pre-op weight and BMI values are average respectively 130.0±18.6 kg, 48.9±6.9 kg /m2; post-op average 115.8±18.3 kg, 43.4±6.8 kg/m2 (p<0.05). Respectively, pre-op and post-op (0-3 months) body fat percentages are 29.8-55.9% and 24.1-51.7% of women, 32.6-45.4% and 20.4-41.4% of men (p<0.05). When pre-op and post-op biochemical findings were compared, blood glucose, total protein and albumin levels were decreased (p<0.05). While total cholesterol in blood lipids decreased in post-op period (p<0.05), there was no significant change in HDL and LDL. Post-op vitamin-mineral values was compared, the decrease in folate values was significant, the decrease in vitamin B12 levels wasn’t significant. Although the decrease post-op iron levels and increase in calcium weren’t significant, increase in phosphorus, sodium, potassium and chlorine values was significant. Changes in vitamin D levels weren’t significant. Consequently, bariatric surgery is an effective method for achieving weight loss in morbid obese patients. It is important for the recommendation of supplements to prevent vitamin-mineral deficiencies and providing adequate and balanced nutritional behavior changes in the post-op period
Fatima Alzain Adam Adeela
University of Khartoum, Sudan
Title: The effect of low dietary carbohydrate advice on glycemic control in patients with Type 2 diabetes
Fatima Alzain Adam Adeela has BSc and MSc in Family Science (Health and Therapeutic Nutrition from University of Khartoum, and a Postgraduate Diploma in Diabetes Education from Ahfad University for Women. She attended Sudan International Diabetes Congress in 2016 (SIDC 2016)
Background: Type 2 diabetes is one of the most challenging medical disorders because of the demands it imposes on day to day life. Good glycemic control (GC), as judged by GbA1c, fasting serum plasma glucose (SPG) and random (SPG) levels. Diet plays a major role in the overall management of type 2 diabetes.
Purpose: The purpose is to assess the effect of Dietary Advice (DA) on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes and to determine long-term and short-term complication of diabetes by low dietary carbohydrate advice on metabolic control and quality of life in patient with type 2 diabetes.
Research Design & Methods: Randomized patients attending a diabetes education clinic at primary health care centers were included. The study targeted a total number of 99 cases (35 male – 76 female) of type 2 diabetes aged between 20–80 years. Depending on the treatment of oral hypoglycemic agents subjects measured (SPG) for fasting and (SPG) for random, weight and height for body mass index (BMI) before and after intervention.
Outcomes: Medical outcome measures the change of glycemic control among the target group before and after the nutrition education.
Results: After the intervention period of 12 months, subjects have shown significant lower circulating levels of (SPG) for fasting which is 49%, levels of (SPG) for random which is 51.5% and a reduced body weight.
Conclusions: DI positively modulates the GC without increasing the risk of hypoglycemia and enhances the quality of life in patient with type 2 diabetes