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14th International Conference on Clinical Nutrition

Rome, Italy

Neslihan Arslan

Neslihan Arslan

Gazi University, Turkey

Title: Assessment of nutritional status and dietary antioxidant capacity of patients with coronary artery dısease: A pilot study

Biography

Biography: Neslihan Arslan

Abstract

Diet and nutrition are among the most important factors in coronary artery disease. Many epidemiological studies have reported that antioxidant intake from diet is associated with a lower risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). This study was designed to assess the nutritional status and dietary antioxidant capacity of patients with CAD. The sample of study with 18 patients with angiographically documented CAD and 18 healthy controls was included into study from Atatürk Education and Research Hospital Ankara, Turkey. The ethical approval was taken from Zekai Tahir Burak Hospital from Turkey. A questionnaire regarding clinical, biochemical, dietary, family history, demographic and socioeconomic status was conducted by the researcher. Nutritional status was assessed by antropometric measurements and calculating Body Mass Index (BMI, kg/m2). The serum glucose, HDL-Cholesterol, LDL-Cholesterol, Total Cholesterol, Triglyceride, AST, ALT, Creatinine, Urea, Sodium and Potassium was obtained from the records of Cardiology Clinic of Atatürk Education Research Hospital. The dietary intake was assessed by using 24-hour dietary recall method by the researcher. Dietary antioxidant capacity was calculated from an article which calculated the antioxidant capacity of 3100 foods. The results represented that mean age was 53.6±7.3 years in patient group, 51.9±8.31 years in control group. The mean body weight was 82.95±16.56 in patient group, 84.5±10.20 in control group. Although not statisticaly important the mean waist circumference, hip circumference, neck circumference and body mass index is higher in patient group than control group. The mean triglyceride was significantly higher in patient group than control group (p<0.01). The mean dietary antioxidant capacity did not differ between patient and control group. It is a negative correlation between coronary artery disease grade and dietary antioxidant capacity in patient group. Inverse association was observed between dietary antioxidant capacity and triglyceride levels in both groups. In conclusion, antioxidant intake is very important to minimize the effects of coronary artery disease. Both coronary artery disease patients and healthy individuals should be given importance to antioxidant intake in order to protect from both disease and their effects